Customer Value in the Now Economy
- 5 Think BIG Disruptions by Thomas Ferleman * by email@example.com (Art Weinstein) on June 2, 2023 at 4:12 pm
In the next two years, the most innovative companies will take advantage of 5 THINK BIG disruptions impacting the workplace, consumers, and sellers across nearly every industry. These changes are being played out now, and will reach their zenith by 2025. 1. Renting Things Instead of Owning Them Many large value purchases will not be sold as long-term capital expenditures, but rented as operational costs. The automobile and insurance industry will be greatly impacted by this change. Vehicle ownership will move from individuals with long-term bank loans and high insurance premiums to corporation investments. Smart vehicles will become safer and more reliable, thereby reducing the need for repairs, and necessitating changes in traffic laws. Even home ownership will be impacted, as younger consumers increasingly want to work where they live, instead of being rooted in a cul-de-sac neighborhood. The benefits of a home mortgage as equity may shift to alternative investments with greater liquidity. GenX and GenZ increasingly see retirement as a novelty. They prefer to think of post-work life as an adventure. They will have less need for a fixed location and greater need for rental experiences. Computer usage will continue to become a utility. The most innovative companies will not own software, but rent it as-needed. Individual computers will become more standardized and less powerful, as compute power moves to the cloud and consumption is variable. Meanwhile, land-line bandwidth will be obsolete as low-earth orbit internet becomes ubiquitous. 2. Commoditizing Data as Bundled Offerings With an overwhelming bulge of data from IoT devices, the most innovative companies will harvest targeted segments of information and build data lakes of specialized topics that can be analyzed and re-sold with device level accuracy at the point of presence. Every transaction made by anyone, at any time, will be available for purchase. Privacy concerns will give way to consumer convenience. Marketers, sellers, and data analysts supported by software developers, will use these data lakes with predictive analytics to influence decision-making on every product, political campaigns, and personal purchases. The mobility of data means that the consumer’s location is no longer relevant. Data bundles will follow the consumer based on device location, and change as vendors earn trust and vie for their attention. Consumers will care less about who makes the product and more about who delivers what they want, when they want it. The postal address will become less important than the consumer’s physical location. 3. On-the-Go Consumption The most innovative companies will find ways to package products and services into smaller-and-smaller form factors. Purchase labeling like QR codes will become obsolete as just-walk-out technology eliminates the need to wait in line to check-out and drone delivery makes its way into our everyday life. Foods and other ingestible products will move to capsulized form and condensed packaging, where the value is weighted by time and convenience. This change will be felt most acutely at fast-food restaurants, the corner convenience store, and legal psychoactive drugs dispensaries, where consumers just want to get in and out quickly. This change lends itself to automation with the increased use of robotics based on pre-defined and re-sold algorithms that need less customized training. This, too, will be impacted by the mobility of data. Ordering pizza and beer on the beach will become more common. In fact, the bundling of data will ensure that your favorite New York slice is also available in Malibu; delivered on the sand without even choosing options. 4. Quality of Life People will no longer work to achieve a good standard of living; quality of life will be seen as a right, not a privilege to be achieved. The most innovative companies will recognize the value of talent; those that don’t, will struggle to retain top performers and eventually become obsolete. The power of work will continue to move into the hands of the worker. Employment packages, ultimatums, restrictions, contracts, and agreements that control the boundaries of work will no longer ensure talent doesn’t go somewhere else. Employers that demand butts-in-seats and fixed office locations will be seen as out of touch. People will work where and when they believe it will provide the greatest quality of life. The five days a week, eight-hour work day is dead. Some companies will struggle with time-zone differences, but the most innovative companies will learn to flex worker options and collaborate anywhere and at any time. Even governments will be forced to adopt flexible work schedules. This will impact the competitive landscape for large, multi-year contracts. With location no longer a requirement, companies will continue to diversify their workforce and leverage regional cost savings. Those that centralize will stagnate. New specializations in human resources and corporate law will emerge to manage employment requirements and taxes at every local level. 5. Automation Everything Any repetitive task or manual sequence will be a candidate for automation. The most innovative companies will mechanize everything, driving workplace tasks to higher-value outputs and lowering human touch. These companies will dramatically reduce error rates, lower costs, and increase speed to delivery. The smart ones will transfer savings to customers and deepen trust with consumers, resulting in higher profits over extended horizons. Others will look internally to benefit and see only short-term gains that eventually lead to stasis. Job categories like human resources, legal, administration, manufacturing, and the entire supply chain will become increasingly automated through self-serve functionality at the edge. Quick-click enabled by AI/ML solutions will automate the delivery of a laptop, the selection of benefits, the agreement of a contract, and the movement of goods and services. Human-in-the-loop will move from highly educated subject matter experts, to full-stack software developers able to code and review algorithms that drive high-value, low-cost outputs. Robotics will become common with modular specialization being rented as commodities. New robotics companies will build specialized platforms for fast food restaurants, big bulk store stocking, last-mile delivery, household services, and medical care. A build once, rent many approach to the use of robotics will drive down costs and make implementation much quicker and easier. The workplace robot will become as standard as the copy machine. Conclusion The widely available compute capacity, no-code/low-code development, and AI/ML, Robotics, and Space advancements are making choices more available and easily consumable. The value proposition is now in the hands of the consumer at the edge and not the producer at the build point. From new-venture startups to long-standing big-caps, and from cultural discourse in the public square, to the mom-and-pop shop down the street, we are living in a time of unprecedented change. If you thought the Industrial Revolution was something, just you wait. The band is still warming up. * Dr. Thomas Ferleman is an Enterprise Transformation specialist at Amazon.com, where he leads Digital Innovation engagements using Amazon’s innovation mechanisms like, Culture of Innovation, Working Backwards (Design Thinking), Innovation Pulse Check (Lean Six Sigma/DMAIC) Roadmap, and SMART Solution Design (Agile) to identify specific end-user problems or opportunities and build customer obsessed solutions. He is a Professor, Data Analytics Engineering (DAEN) Master of Science Program, George Mason University College of Engineering and Computing. He specializes in a broad range of data analytics algorithms, tools, and processes for solving a wide range of real-world problems. He holds a Doctor in Strategic Leadership from Regent University, and MBA, MS in Management, and Bachelor of Science from University of Maryland Global Campus. This post was reprinted by permission from the ALL THINGS INNOVATION blog. For more insights from Dr. Ferleman, go to https://ferleman.com
- A Metric That Matters – Why Corporate Marketers Embrace the Net Promoter Score (NPS) * by firstname.lastname@example.org (Art Weinstein) on August 19, 2022 at 3:31 pm
Frederick Reichheld’s seminal article “The One Number You Need to Grow” noted that companies waste much time and resources attempting to measure customer satisfaction via complex surveys which suffer from poor response rates and ambiguous meaning. Building on pioneering work at Enterprise Rent-a-Car, the author found that a single “would recommend” question is a useful predictor of growth, focuses employees on the right corporate priorities, and captures true loyalty rates which clearly affects profitability (Reichheld, 2003). Doing business today requires accountability for marketing performance tied to financial outcomes. Top executives, board members, and shareholders demand accountability for new and established marketing programs. Superior customer value means knowing customers’ behaviors and buying patterns. Metrics are an important part of the strategic marketing process to understand how successful the organization is now and what it needs to accomplish to become even more successful in the years ahead. Companies employ loyalty and retention initiatives which directly impacts business performance and maximizes long-term value for customers. A major issue for debate in an organization is what metrics to collect and evaluate. The choices are wide-ranging — from a single metric such as the Net Promoter Score (NPS) or North Star Metric (NSM) to literally hundreds of potential marketing and performance variables. For example, one leading book on the subject claims that there are 50 marketing metrics that matter related to the marketing mix, profit margins, customer profitability, share of market, the web, and other key areas in business (Faris et al., 2006). Clearly, a focused approach is best. Marketers should choose a limited number of strong industry-specific measures that make the most sense for an organization within the context of a relevant customer value metrics framework. Measuring Customer Loyalty via the Net Promoter Score There are many ways to evaluate customer loyalty such as customer satisfaction scores and indexes, repurchase intentions, recommendation intentions, etc. The NPS measure has capture the attention of marketing managers. A single-item, 11 point-satisfaction scale — the Net Promoter Score (NPS) – is used by Enterprise Rent-a-Car, JetBlue, Intuit (manufacturer of Turbo Tax software) and thousands of other companies. It is an easy-to-use and insightful metric to monitor business performance over time. Due to its simplicity and explanatory power, the Net Promoter Score (NPS) has been widely praised by marketing practitioners as the best metric for assessing customer loyalty and a company’s ability to grow. A Net Promoter Score (NPS) is calculated as follows (Satmetrix, 2011). 1. Following the service experience, ask each customer one simple question: 2. Based on your last experience with Company X, how likely would you be to recommend Company X to a friend or colleague? (Customers respond on a 0-10 point rating scale where 0 is not at all likely and 10 is extremely likely). 2. Respondents may be promoters (9-10), passives (7-8) or detractors (0-6). T 3. The % of customers who are detractors is subtracted from the % of who are promoters (passives are not considered in the analysis) to compute your NPS. Example: 78% of JetBlue customers are promoters, 12% are passives and 10% are detractors. Jet Blue’s NPS is 68. This is then compared to the competitive set. For example, Southwest Airline’s NPS is 62, Delta Airlines and the industry average is 38, and United Airlines is 10. Mike Gowen, Co-founder of Delighted, says that NPS scores should be assessed absolutely and relatively. He suggests five ranges of customer experience: a negative number is poor performance, <30 = lots of opportunities for improvement, 31-50 = quality experiences are delivered, 51-70 = excellent customer experiences and 71+ is world class customer experiences. From a relative perspective, the software industry has an average NPS score of 41; a low score is 28 and TurboTax has a high score of 55 (Gowen, 2017). Enhancing Your NPS Program While the potential real-world advantages — long-term value creation, customer loyalty, and corporate growth — of a well-executed NPS initiative are clear, researchers are concerned that this single-item metric is subject to measurement bias, lacks validity, and may be inferior to other customer satisfaction and loyalty measures. Here are three ways you can improve and adapt the NPS approach. First, the psychometric properties of the scale can be reevaluated. While an 11-point (0-10) point scale is intellectually appealing, consider using a 3-point (detractors, passives, or promoters) scale or the standard 5 or 7-point Likert scales. NPS research has been found to fare well on test-retest reliability — a recent study reported an r =.75 which exceeded satisfaction with the brand r=. 70 and attitude toward the brand, r=.69 (Sauro, 2018). Further work is needed for other forms of reliability and validity. Second, the idea of the customer may be extended to other stakeholders such as employees, suppliers, affiliates, and so forth. In response to management’s reliance on NPS, United Airlines flight attendants pushed back by introducing a weekly FPS (Flight Attendant Promoter Score) to evaluate management practices. The early returns were not good as flight attendants gave airline management a minus 95 week one (Murphy, Jr., 2022). Third, employees in many industries are reported to be stressed from increased pressure to achieve excellent numbers. A more balanced view which would include NPS as part of a battery of key metrics is recommended. For further reading on customer value metrics, see blog posts 13, 18, 25, 36 & 38. References Farris, P.W, et al. (2006). Marketing Metrics: 50+ Metrics Every Executive Should Master, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing. Gowen, M. (2017). What is a good Net Promoter Score to have? Response (May 19), www.quora.com/What-is-a-good-net-promoter-score-to-have/ Murphy, Jr. (2022). United Airlines flight attendants just made a big announcement and basically nobody is happy, Inc., August 6. Reichheld (2003). The one number you need to grow, Harvard Business Review, December. Satmetrix (2011). Calculate your Net Promoter Score, www.satmetrix.com/net-promoter/Sauro, J. (2018). Measuring the reliability of the Net Promoter Score, Measuring the Reliability of the Net Promoter Score – MeasuringU* Art Weinstein, Ph.D., is the blogmaster and a Professor of Marketing at Nova Southeastern University. He may be contacted at email@example.com
- The Value of Customer Centricity: Listening with the Head, Heart, and Feet by Kanika Meshram * by firstname.lastname@example.org (Art Weinstein) on July 14, 2022 at 2:30 pm
The pandemic has upended how brands create customer value. As marketers continue to think what’s new and valuable to customers, I have three brands that just got this right.Ø Airbnb, we all missed travelling during those dreadful lockdown periods. This meant Airbnb was nowhere near as popular as it used to be, but this brand differentiated their value position. They offered 100,000 stay places for healthcare workers and first responders around the world. They also waived all fees for healthcare workers .Ø Would we survive without Amazon.com in the early days of lockdown? I certainly did not. As a world leader in e-commerce, Amazon became the emergency anchor for those desperate to stock up on vital household goods and products to protect them from Covid-19, like hand sanitizer, face masks and disinfectants. How did they do this, read on.Ø Stagekings, an Australian live event stage design company, practically shut down overnight due to ban on public gatherings in the pandemic. Jeremy Fleming, the Managing Director of Stagekings decided to write an open letter to people. In his letter he wrote, “we want to keep our specialist tradespeople off the streets and our factor lights on, so tell us what is it that you guys need now that you’re stuck at home?’ His compelling open letter went viral and helped him launch IsoKings, a work from home furniture making company— reporting a profit of 1.5 million in less than a year. If you look closely, all these three brands have an important connection—customer-centricity an almost difficult to define concept as it is to achieve. Lamberti (2013) defines customer centricity as putting customers’ interests at the centre of a firm’s actions. Yet, 85% of brands fail at achieving just that thus, value creation.  Let’s unpack this dilemma for a moment. Most brand have a customer centric value proposition —defined as promise that summarises why consumers should buy a firm’s offering (Payne et al., 2017). But when the pandemic hit, something became very clear; most companies had shallow knowledge on their customers because of which they couldn’t adapt their value offerings quickly enough to cater to the evolving needs of their consumers. Then, for those that were getting close to customers were accused of invading customer privacy.  But then how did Amazon, Air BnB and Stagekings managed to create a customer centric business model which is built on the heart, head, and feet? Customer centricity starts from the heart, as does organisation culture. In case of Airbnb their business model delivers a welcoming and inclusive work culture throughout employee journey from recruiting and onboarding to physical facilities, and food.  In an anonymous employee satisfaction survey conducted by Glassdoor, 90% stated that they would recommend Airbnb to others. The company also significantly invests in creating partnerships between their employees, customers, and Airbnb host. Pre-Pandemic, the three co-founders of Airbnb consistently visited and stayed at the homes of key hosts around the world, an experience that likely built significant loyalty (Sundararajan, 2014). Thus, through Airbnb we learn the valued role of organisational culture in deploying empathy by walking into the shoes of the customers. Another universal truth is that value is not just about winning customers’ hearts but also their head (or minds). Customers care about value —both price and time. Hence, in the lockdown period, Amazon leveraged machine learning to forecast when customers are going to place next order based on their buying patterns. According to David, the vice president of global customer fulfillment at Amazon, “machine learning models running in the background gave us different scenarios that allowed us to plan consumer spending patterns, when different cities conducted different styles of lockdowns.” . Now not everyone knows how to use AI to interact with customers. But the benefit here is that customers are almost always interacting with AI. They look at their phones up to 150 times a day checking Facebook, comparing prices, researching travel, or paying bills. At any given moment a customer could be engaged in multiple interactions — transactional, personal, or even non-intentional. Some will be pleasant and entertaining, some rife with friction and frustration. But the key takeaway is that customer value creation is not only evolving, but increasingly fragmented and highly individualised. Which Amazon learned sooner than other brands. Finally, customer centricity should be the feet—the purpose of your brand existence. In market orientation literature, the underlying assumption is that a company is a repository of resources and competences. They develop products and services as their core value proposition, then the company acts on them or modifies the offer to meet customers’ expectations (Galbraith, 2002). But consider IsoKings, a brand launched out of desperation to survive the extensive lockdowns in Australia. From the outset, Jeremey Fleming had no money nor the inclination to use direct marketing to sell his furniture. Instead, he focused on direct communications with customers via social media and product reviews. Jeremy asked customers what furniture they needed, people would respond, we want a shoe rack and then 100 people would agree. So, he made a shoe rack. Then he had 1,000 people ask for a cat tower. So, he did a post and said if 400 people like or comment on this, we’ll make a cat tower and they did, so they did. Keeping customers at the core of their value delivery system IsoKings was able to expand his product line from a single work from home desk to 170 home furniture products in the lockdown period. Reflecting on these brand example, a critical learning curve for customer-centric business models is to create value by listening to customers from the head, heart, and feet.  https://news.airbnb.com/en-au/airbnb-hosts-to-help-provide-housing-to-100000-covid-19-responders/  https://www.lbbonline.com/news/its-not-you-its-me-why-brands-fail-at-customer-centricity  https://www.forbes.com/sites/garydrenik/2021/09/21/85-of-products-fail-when-companies-dont-talk-to-consumers–this-company-is-changing-that/?sh=70364a7d2aa2  https://www.forbes.com/sites/dbloom/2022/03/15/consumers-want-privacy-data-protection-from-brands-but-still-love-email-too/?sh=455604548ea4  https://www.livingroomanalytics.com/how-airbnb-became-the-worlds-best-place-to-work  https://www.mccormick.northwestern.edu/news/articles/2021/02/how-amazon-moved-faster-than-ever-during-the-pandemic.html References Galbraith, J. R. (2002). Organizing to deliver solutions. Organizational dynamics, 31(2), 194. Lamberti, L. (2013). Customer centricity: the construct and the operational antecedents. Journal of Strategic marketing, 21(7), 588-612. Payne, A., Frow, P., & Eggert, A. (2017). The customer value proposition: evolution, development, and application in marketing. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 45(4), 467-489. Sundararajan, A. (2014). What Airbnb gets about culture that Uber doesn’t. Harvard Business Review, 11. * Dr. Kanika Meshram is a Lecturer in Management and Marketing at the University of Melbourne. She may be reached at email@example.com. Professor Meshram has written this blog post from her research on customer centricity and interview with Jeremy Fleming from Stagekings, Australia.
- Designing Your Customer Engagement Strategy by Laura Patterson * by firstname.lastname@example.org (Art Weinstein) on July 7, 2022 at 4:16 pm
How would your customers categorize their experience with your firm? A Forrester Research study that shared the findings from interviews with more than 4,600 U.S. consumers about their interactions with 133 companies across a variety of industries revealed that ONLY 13 firms received “excellent” ratings, while 45 were rated either “poor” or “very poor.” Clearly the results suggest improving customer experience and customer engagement will drive better business results.Defining Customer ExperienceForrester categorizes the customer experience as the sum of three elements: meeting needs, being easy to work with, and providing customer enjoyment. The more complex your internal processes and the more interconnected technologies you have, the greater the opportunity to negatively impact the experience. Companies who are too internally focused, struggle the most with improving customer experience. To affect customer experience and engage customers you need to be a customer-centric organization. Customer-centric organizations evaluate processes, technologies, personnel, and decisions in terms of the impact on their customers and recognize that customer experience and engagement can be a valuable differentiator in the market.How do your touch points impact your customer’s experience?Earn High MarksCompanies who achieve high marks for customer experience generally have invested in cross-channel alignment, established customer-centric metrics, and have a customer-centric culture. These organizations recognized that a positive experience is the responsibility of everyone in the organization. The organizations objectives, strategies and metrics are aligned in order to facilitate the customer experience.Customer-centric companies have mapped all the customer touch points and are committed to improving touch point effectiveness. Studies suggest that few companies are good at mapping their customer touch points. Mapping customer experience across all touch points has a tangible impact on the ability to engage with customers. Companies who have mapped the customer touch point process feel this approach has positively affected the success of their customer engagement strategy. Mapping customer touch points is something any company can initiate. Improve your touch point effectiveness with our Touch Point Effectiveness Workshop.Four Key Elements to Delivering the Ideal Customer ExperienceWhen it comes to metrics, customer-centric companies monitor customer metrics such as engagement, loyalty, retention, growth, and on-boarding for new customers. Research suggests that the ideal experience fulfills four key elements:Convenience: An enterprise needs to deliver on ease of contact, short wait times, through any channel the customer prefersCompetence: Humans or self-service tools need to have fingertip access to all necessary information and be consistent across all channelsPersonalization: Companies and their web sites must recognize and remember the customer, and use existing information about them appropriatelyProactivity: A company must proactively reach out whether by phone, text message, or other channels. The topics range from a simple follow-up to informing the consumer about relevant products and services (while still respecting the need for permission and being mindful of customer preferences).While improving customer experience and engagement won’t cure all the problems your company is facing, it is a pivotal opportunity. Customers are becoming increasingly intolerant of poor customer service. Customer engagement is seen as being about creating relationships which result in value both for customers and for organizations. Research by E-Consulting and Cscape found that a customer engagement strategy increases long-term customer value and the value delivered to customers.Develop Your StrategyAfter you take a look at your current capabilities and map your customer touch points, you can begin to develop a strategy that will enable you to create the ideal experience and improve engagement with customers. To deliver an ideal customer experience, it is important to have a well thought out customer experience and engagement strategy. To be successful the strategy will need to address customer interaction in all its forms (web, phone, etc.), personnel skills, infrastructure to support customer-centric processes and data collection, business process, and customer-service and engagement data.* Laura Patterson is a marketing practitioner, consultant, writer, and speaker. Contact her at email@example.com. Also, check out Laura’s other articles [22 & 38] on the Customer Value in the Now Economy blog.
- What is Customer Value and How Can You Create It? by Gautam Mahajan * by firstname.lastname@example.org (Art Weinstein) on July 6, 2022 at 7:49 pm
Value has many different meanings. To some Value means price (what is the value of this car?) to others it means benefit (the value I got from this car). It also means the worth of something. That is why you hear some people saying “value for money” (meaning they are price sensitive); and others who prefer “money for value” (meaning they are willing to pay for what they consider as benefits, as from a brand or a better product, or more convenience etc.) The dictionary meaning includes: The regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something. Synonyms are: merit, worth, usefulness, use, utility, practicality, advantage, desirability, benefit, gain, profit, good, service, help, helpfulness, assistance, effectiveness, efficacy, avail, importance, significance, point, sense. No wonder, the reader is confused about the value word that s/he uses so often. When used in the vernacular it does not matter, but when used as a technical term, like Customer Value, the meaning of Value must be precise, so that everyone understands what it means, as shown below: Customer Value is the perception of what a product or service is worth to a Customer versus the possible alternatives. Worth means whether the Customer feels s/he or he got benefits and services over what s/he paid. In a simplistic equation form, Customer Value is Benefits-Cost (CV=B-C). What the Customer pays is not only price (cash, cheque, interest, payment during use such as fuel and servicing for a car) but also non-price terms such as time, effort, energy, and inconvenience). The benefits include the advantages or quality of the product, service, image and brand of the company or the brand of the product, values, experience, success one gets in using the product and so on. Values are distinct from Value (the plural of value as defined above is Value). Values are what someone or a firm stands for: Honesty, morals, ethics, sustainability, integrity, trust. Consumers are distinct from Customers. Consumers use the product or the service, but in all cases do not buy the product/service. The value the consumer perceives influences the buying evaluation and perception of the decision maker or the Customer. The Customer is someone who buys or makes the decision to buy. A Non-Customer is someone who could buy from us, but is buying from someone else. How is Value Created and What Does It Do? Value is created just as much by a focus on processes and systems as much as it is by mind-set and culture. Mind-set and culture are much more difficult to change, and also difficult to emulate. It is easier to copy products and systems than to change mind-sets and culture. Therefore, for long term success, mind-set and culture are important and lasting. These, along with systems create great experience and value. Value changes during the use of a product or during the Customer Journey. Value is perceived during the purchase intent, the shopping, the actual purchase or buying, the installation or start-up, the use and even the re-sale. We sometimes call this the waterfall of needs. Needs change during the Customer Journey. Creating Customer Value increases customer satisfaction and the customer experience. (The reverse is also true. A good customer experience will create value for a Customer). Creating Customer Value (better benefits versus price) increases loyalty, market share, price, reduces errors and increases efficiency. Higher market share and better efficiency leads to higher profits. How to Create Real Value You first have to understand the Customer Value concept, what a Customer perceives as value, and how a customer’s value needs change over time, and how to get Customer feedback. You must realise that people buy a product or service that creates the most value over competing options. To create real value, you must recognize what a Customer perceives as value. You must understand how the Customer views your competition’s product. What is important to the Customer in his buying decision? Is price more important or are benefits? Are you good at delivering what the Customer believes is important? Are you able to deliver more than your competition on these factors? I understand these are general terms, but they will help you to create value as you understand your Customer’s need and perceptions. Let us take some examples on how to create Customer Value: 1. Giving a price that makes the Customer believe he is getting more than he pays for the benefits he gets versus competitive offers 2. Reducing the price, or keeping the same price and giving something extra over competition (this could be service, better attention, an add on to the product) 3. Making it convenient for the Customer to buy, and how he wants to buy and pay. 4. For B2B getting a proper price justification, not just a price. 5. For dealers, the feeling the company will grow and offer new products for the dealers to sell. These are things that the dealer may not have an experience of, but needs to Create Value 6. The image of the company, including the brand and the trust in the company or when the Customer appreciates the Values of the company including sustainability. These create Value for the Customer 7. Giving the Customer a product that works as it is meant to (as perceived by the Customer) and easy for him/her to understand and use (so that no unnecessary time or energy has to be expended) 8. Making the Customer feel valued. For example: · Smiling at and being attentive to a Customer creates value for him. Ignoring him/her destroys value for the Customer · Making it easy for the Customer to contact the company, and an assurance that an answer will be given when and how promised (how many times do you have to wait to talk to someone and how often does s/he promises to call back and how often do you get a call) · Not making you repeat questions or answers, and keep relating the problem · Receiving a call from a service person confirming his/her visit (the Customer is not kept wondering whether the service visit will take place) · Not answering queries destroys Value All readers have real life examples of Value creators and Value destroyers and can add many more examples. Do add yours. Answer the following: · What could I do to create Value for my Customer? · What can destroy Value for my Customer? · Does experience create Value? · List things that you do not experience that can create Value for you. · Do I look for and solve customer problems not only one by one but also systemically for all customers having same problem.* Gautam Mahajan is the President of the Customer Value Foundation and the Founder Editor of the Journal of Creating Value, jcv.sagepub.com. He may be reached at: email@example.com . Article reprinted with permission of the author (218,740 views in Customer Think plus 27,529 downloads in 2021 at Journal of Creating Value alone). Contact Gautam.firstname.lastname@example.org for comments.